Hydraulic seals are often used for industrial and domestic applications (such as aerospace, electromechanical, climate control, filtration, fluid and gas handling, and process control) to facilitate the separation of liquids. Dynamic seals, which are also known as shaft seals, seal gaps between two surfaces that do share relative motion. More details on hydraulic seals types are discussed below. Our quick guide below shows the main types of seals that you would find in a cylinder and describes how they operate. With a negative lip design, dirt and foreign bodies in the hydraulic fluid can be pressed between the seal lip and the cylinder. These seals have virtually no size restrictions and are specially designed to optimize equipment performance. Rod seals are used in hydraulic cylinder systems to prevent fluid from escaping the cylinder. Guide rings are also known as wear rings since they serve dual purposes of centering the piston and piston rod while guiding them through the cylinder and preempting metal-on-metal contact. Parker’s Standard PolyPak® (SPP) is a square cross-section squeeze seal with a symmetrical profile for use in either rod or piston applications. To achieve a similar blockage of fluid without the use of seals is often unfeasible or completely impossible, due to the requisite precision and rapid wear of the relevant components. Not only must the hydraulic seals completely prevent leakage of fluid from the cylinder, but they must also withstand high pressures, extreme temperatures and transverse forces within the cylinder. Made from a wide range of sealing grade elastomers, these extruded and cut static face seals are available from030″ through 2.50″D. Hydraulic Seals Hydraulic seals are an integral component of most hydraulic systems. When purchasing hydraulic seals, there are some important factors to consider, such as the diameter of the housing bore and the inner or outer seal, the dimension of the outer shaft and the axial or radial cross section needed for the application. Rod seals and piston seals are available. They are specially engineered and can be used for Hydraulic Cylinder Seals and hydraulic seal manufacturers. There are a few traits that any good manufacturer of hydraulic seals should have. Special care should be shown in selecting the best Rod Seal for your sealing application. So selecting the right material is an art because most applications are compromises, such as resilience versus stiffness, softness versus hardness, low temperature versus high temperature and performance versus cost. Discoloration of hydraulic seals can also be an indicator of chemical attack. Custom manufacturer of diaphragm seals for hydraulic applications. Scrapers or wipers scrape dirt, foreign particles, chips or moisture from the piston rods as they retract into the cylinder. We are happy to advise you about the possible applications of our product range or send you some information. Our unprecedented products are ideal for a wide range of applications. Hydraulic wear rings guide the piston, keeping it centered, which allows for even wear and pressure distribution on the seals. Seals located inside hydraulic cylinders are necessary to prevent leakage between components within the cylinder, which is as much of a concern as leakage out of the hydraulic system. A type of dynamic hydraulic seal called a rod seal is exposed to movement on its inner diameter along the shaft or rod of a hydraulic cylinder. Dynamic hydraulic seals, also called shaft seals, include rod seals and piston seals, which are hydraulic cylinder seals that keep pressurized liquids contained within the cylinder and contaminants and air from getting inside. Improper installation can cause cuts or dents in the lip of the seal, affecting the hydraulic seal’s efficiency and exposing the hydraulic fluid to contaminants. Hydraulic seals are intended to be used in hydraulic cylinders with reciprocating movements, mainly in industrial applications. ISO 9001:2000 certified distributor of hydraulic seals. Contamination particles in the hydraulic system are a primary reason for the failure or short service life of seals. The standard Molythane shell provides high wear resistance and the -ring energizer functions as a spring to maintain sealing contact under low pressure. Best example: hydraulic seals, which are very important for the operational reliability of units.
Without sealing devices, hydraulic systems would completely fail and cause the machinery they power to become unusable. In addition to our extensive range of stocked products, we offer custom designed sealing solutions and machined seals. A hydraulic seal can achieve far more consistent results, last longer than a precision-machined system without seals, and can easily and inexpensively be replaced should it fail. There are many benefits to choosing Hydraulic Seals over Pneumatic seals. Rod seals are used in hydraulic cylinders for fluid sealing. A wide range of groove configurations and sealing profiles allow Gallagher engineers to match your hydraulic sealing application to the optimal sealing system. And because our seals come in many different materials, dimensions and sizes (ranging from 4 mm to 1000 mm), we make hydraulic cylinder repair easy. WHYPS is a professional website specializing in hydraulic news including products, events, education, careers and fluid power industry. Custom manufacturer of seals including oil, grease, rotary shaft, hydraulic, pneumatic, lip. Bonded seals are used when working with systems that can operate under high pressure. It creates a barrier for dynamic pressure between the piston and the cylinder, preventing fluid from passing the piston and allowing the cylinder to extend and retract. UBE is designed for use as a single acting piston seal. We deliver high quality products every day, including rings, metric seals, pneumatic seals, Teflon seals, and a whole lot more. In addition to normal wear and aging, this seal is directly affected by changes on the rod surface. Nitrile (also known as Buna N) seals are widely used in hydraulic industry because of excellent resistance to oil, a good practical range of working temperatures (-40 degrees C to as high as 135 degrees C), and low cost. We manufacture Hydraulic Cylinder Seals which are developed by quality products obtained by branded vendors. Wiper Seals (also called Scraper Seals) generally are used together with other sealing components. Rod Seals act as a dynamic seal along its inner diameter and static along its outer diameter. In addition to containing hydraulic fluid within the cylinder, rod seals help regulate lubrication fluid for the rod, the wiper seal, and the rod seal itself. Sealing Devices offers many types of seals from -rings that seal water, aircraft fuels and many media on pumps, electronic devices, compressors, transportation vehicles, food processing equipment and medical devices to complex EMI shielding gaskets that block electromagnetic interference in electronic enclosures and devices. Rod Seals are exposed to the motion on their inner diameter along the rod or shaft of a hydraulic cylinder. Dynamic rod seals function in the gap between the piston rod and the cylinder head while static rod seals close gaps between the cylinder head and the cylinder bore. Rod Seals are press-fit into a housing bore with the sealing lip contacting the shaft. There are several other common types of hydraulic seals usually found in hydraulic cylinders. They are also used to help retain fluid pressure in hydraulic systems. Many piston seals are single-acting piston seals, meaning that they concentrate pressure on only one side of a piston. SEALTECH offers you a large choice of seals for any application. Guide rings also known as bearing rings, stop metal-to-metal contact between two dynamic cylinder components. Most seals are made from synthetic materials that are compatible with the hydraulic fluid used. This manual will include essential procedures to properly install hydraulic seals. The symmetric seals are located in the gland with direct contact to the seal lips. UK Seals offer a range of seals especially suited to pneumatic applications. Special high-reliability, machined metal seals for critical sealing service in aircraft engine, aerospace, semiconductor and nuclear applications. They are commonly used to make -rings that are used in applications that involve contact with hydrocarbons or highly corrosive fluids, or when a wide range of temperatures is encountered.
The important functions of hydraulic seals includes preventing leakage, protecting the system from contamination and thus improving the life span of hydraulic systems. The softest -rings are 50 and 60 shore A and stretch more easily, exhibit lower breakout friction, seal better on rough surfaces, and need less clamping pressure than harder rings, For a given squeeze, the higher the durometer hardness of a ring, the greater is the associated friction. Multiple sealing lips. Available as single-acting and double-acting types, these seals can also be used with guide rings and back-up rings. Sealants, Seals, Gaskets and -rings are compulsories item for hydraulic components and systems. A rod wipers main function is to keep the rod and cylinder clean and free from foreign matter preventing premature failure. Also known as scraper seals, they are often used together with other sealing components to let a ram rod pass through the inner bore of a seal, while preventing leakage. And while we don’t perform cylinder repair, we do supply the seals necessary to replace your parts. Piston seals separate applied pressures between the piston and rod side during stroke movement and during the interim and final position. Wide range of materials available. The sealing force compensates for high-pressure to maintain a positive seal. Click here to view all types of Reciprocating Seals , specifically Hydraulic Seals or get in touch with an FTL engineer today using our live chat. Polyurethane has a high load-bearing capacity and because of this characteristic not only is it an ideal material for hydraulic seals but also for load wheels , heavy duty couplings, metal-forming pads, shock pads, expansion joints and machine mounts. Specifically, they seal the pressures during the stroke phase of the application. Mechanical, hydraulic & pneumatic seals feature multiple seal points, multi-lobed design, square cross sections & grooves on inside & outside dia. Piston Seals guarantee liquid or other media do not pass round the piston due to the system pressure pushing the piston down the cylinder amid a stress course. Rod wipers are used to clear dirt, debris and other contaminants from the rod so that the primary rod-sealing elements are protected. Rod Seals:These are used to prevent the leakage of lubricants from the cylinder. The Rod Seal is often the decisive factor for the function of the hydraulic cylinder in its entirety. Super Chemically Resistant Viton® ETP -Rings – Extreme Chemical Resistant Fluorocarbon provides significantly improved chemical resistance compared to standard FKM A type fluoroelastomers. Custom manufacturer of rubber, plastic & elastomer seals including hydraulic & pneumatic seals. Hydraulic fluid leakage continues to evolve as an important regulatory issue. The positive rake, lip profile provides an optimal amount of radial sealing load with minimal frictional resistance. It must ensure safe and leakage-free sealing under all system conditions, and at the same time it should produce as little friction as possible. Rod seals are vital to maintaining an efficient hydraulic system, as they are responsible for both preventing fluid leakage from within a hydraulic cylinder and protecting it against dirt and other exterior contaminates. The seal is obtained by means of the flared, flexible lips coming in contact with the rod or cylinder wall. Excluders – Used in a hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder to exclude or scrape the rod clean. Hydraulic seals are vital in machinery. Hoses, gaskets, -rings, tubing, seals and molded and extruded parts can be fabricated. Sealing Devices also provides molded rubber seals, extrusions, lathe-cuts, gaskets, packing, Teflon seals, mechanical seals, graphite, cloth, metal seals, -rings and metal rings, and a complete line of oil seals. Performance Sealing Inc (PSI) designs and manufactures a full line of high pressure hydraulic seal solutions. Piston and rod seals for medium to heavy-duty hydraulic cylinders. Mechanical seals prohibit fluid leakage around the rotating shaft in a state of extreme pressure, temperature and shaft speed.
By rolling the ring on an inspection cone or dowel, the inner diameter surface can also be checked for small cracks, particles of foreign material, or other irregularities that cause leakage or shorten the life of the -ring. Also known as scrapers or dust seals, hydraulic wipers are crucial to preventing damage to other system components. The most common hydraulic seals are piston seals and rod seals, which are both cylinder seals with a flexible lip that rubs against the housing or shaft for improved sealing during linear movement. Hydraulic seals are relatively soft, non-metallic rings that are constructed using materials such as polyurethane, rubber or PTFE. Hydraulic seals are different in that they are typically used in liquid or oil, whereas pneumatic seals operate in environments of compressed gas. Most packings and gaskets used in aircraft are manufactured in the form of -rings. The earliest hydraulic system, invented by Joseph Bramah in England during the Industrial Revolution, made use of leather seals to achieve the same results as modern hydraulic seals made of polymeric materials. Most replacement seals, for most applications can be found off the shelf and seal kits for well known applications can be picked up easily. Real Seal manufactures and distributes seal products and mechanical components with a strong focus on performance oriented rubber and plastic materials. 9. Prevents system collapse: By preventing leakage, the flow of fluid can be monitored, and as a result of it, the system can prevent from collapsing. Instead, they are used to maintain the concentricity of the rod in the bore so that the other sealing elements can function properly and don’t wear unevenly. Good dimensional elasticity to ensure faultless operation even with working eccentricities between the rod and the housing or the piston and the cylinder wall respectively, as well as expansion of the cylinder due to operating pressure. Custom manufacturer of seals for hydraulic system applications. UK Seals’ Hydraulic & Pneumatic range caters for the full range of duty cycles. Bonded seals are composed of an elastomeric seal that is adhered to a metal washer for high pressure applications. Urethane seals enjoy wide application as rod scrapers and other dynamic seals in high pressure hydraulic hose, which further attests to its strength and its ability to take abuse. This wiper can also be used as a secondary seal to trap slight leakage from the primary seal. Manufacturer of standard and custom seals, including hydraulic silicate and phosphate gaskets. Hydraulic Zone offers a diverse range of standard and special type cylinders to suit all types of industrial cylinder applications. In some cases, however, replacing hydraulic seals does become necessary. Seals made with these and other elastomeric materials are usually fabricated through extrusion, although Teflon seals are sintered in an oven from a powder form. Applications include: Hydraulic Oil, Petroleum Base, Silicone oil and grease, Mineral and vegetable oil and grease, Aliphatic hydrocarbons (fuel, butane, propane, natural gas), Aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene, toluene), Chlorinated hydrocarbons (trichlorethylene and carbon tetrachloride), Chlorine Water, Gasoline, Fuels, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), Natural Gas, Propane, Diesel Oil, High vacuum, ozone and weather. In our stock you will find piston seals (PK3 and PK4), u-rings (UN, D2 and D3) and wiper seals (MW, ME1 and ME2). Also known as Gland seals , Headbush or Neck Seals, Rod seals act as a pressure barrier to maintain and regulate the operating fluid in a cylinder. Coming in two different compounds, nitrile and polyurethane, our comprehensive line of u-cups are ideal in rod and piston applications. Chromex launched a new compact range of hydraulics seals designed to meet the majority of your needs. Rod Seals are deliberated to be the most substantial component of a cylinder sealing configuration. Dynamic Seal: A dynamic seal is installed within the inner shaft of the hydraulic cylinder. But that simple, inexpensive hydraulic seal can cost you thousands in downtime and loss of production if it fails.
In this case, a combination of PTFE composite seals and wipers would be used to ensure superior sealing performance and a long service life. Cutting edge technologies include multiple sealing lip systems, shock-load resistance, low friction and ultra-dry capability. The distinctive types of sealing positions and directions that are used for hydraulic and pneumatic seals are axial seals, rod or internal seals, external or symmetric seals and piston seals. There are many pieces of equipment that require precise motion control and sealing within the medical industry, and with ever-increasing technological developments, the demand for specialist sealing materials and products will only grow. The lip can also scrape any contaminants from the rod surface, giving them the title of double-edged wiper seals”. The four-lobed design provides twice the sealing of a standard -ring, but requires less squeeze to maintain an effective seal. These wipers provide excellent performance on rods or rams in hydraulic and pneumatic applications. It should also be noted that while all hydraulic seals are important, not every single one is equally important. Allied Metrics is a leader among hydraulic cylinder seal manufacturers. Wear Rings are used to retain the piston centralised. No. 3 – Chemical breakdown of the seal material is most often the result of incorrect material selection in the first place, or a change of hydraulic system fluid. Lip seals are made of many different elastomeric materials, including polymers, plastics and rubbers, and they are effective in providing a seal in revolving machinery and equipment. The wiper is not a pressure sealing element. For the vast majority of hydraulic applications, hydraulic seals are a non-optional component; it simply isn’t practical or reasonable to manufacture and use systems which do not use a number of hydraulic seals. Hydraulic cylinder Piston seals are a variation of the rod seals available as single-acting or double acting based on the capability to seal dynamic pressure either on one side or both sides. Wiper seals scrape dirt, chips or moisture from the piston rods as it them into the retract to the system. This allows to match the seal to many different types of cylinders, without making quality and price compromises. They are used to prevent the hydraulic fluid from flowing across the piston, from leaking past the interface between the rod and the head and to keep it from leaking to the outside of the cylinder. RTA Rod Seals: These Single Acting seals are used in hydraulic cylinders that have small groove dimensions. Make sure you confirm all relevant compliance issues for general use of hydraulic seals in your application, as well as identifying any relevant standards based on industry, application, environment, etc. A lubricant in the space between the sealing lip proper (primary lip) and additional (secondary) lip can reduce wear and delay corrosion. Hydraulic seal manufacturers generally fabricate seals from rubber or metal, and in some cases leather or felt. We supply wipers, rod u-seals, rod buffer seals, piston seals, wear rings, U-seals, vee packings, individual vee rings & adaptors, piston cups, T seals, piston assemblies, piston seal assemblies, piston rings, wiper rings, oil seals, ‘’ Rings, backup rings, quad rings & retainer rings, as well as bushes, teflon bushes & self aligning bearings for the cylinder eyes. Given the working conditions found in many of these industries, these seals need to be built to withstand high pressure. American Seal & Packing Loaded Lip Seals are molded from 92 Durometer Urethane with a 70 Durometer Nitrile energizer. Toughest of the elastomers used for -rings, characterized by high tensile strength, excellent abrasion resistance, and tear strength. Scrapers or Wipers scrape dirt, foreign particles, chips or moisture from the piston rods as they retract into the cylinder, preventing contamination. Piston seals are dynamic hydraulic seals that are used to prevent the passing of any fluid beyond the piston as the system pressure forces the piston down the cylinder.